Preventing school violence: 7 ways to prevent school violence (2023)

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Teenagers and young children spend a large part of their daily lives at school or in school-related activities. Unfortunately, school violence is a feature of modern public education. Outside of school campuses, the number of school-aged youth committing crimes and/or being victims of crime or assault is also epidemic.

Reports from the CDC show that no state in the US has escaped the rise in bullying and youth violence unscathed.

In fact, the National Youth Violence Prevention Initiative reports that "the cost of arresting, prosecuting, detaining and treating juvenile offenders is one of the largest budget items in government budgets."

Youth violence prevention programs and initiatives are essential to ensure that students have access to a non-violent education and to reduce the economic costs of youth violence to society. Below are the top 7 ways to prevent school and youth violence.

    1. Development of comprehensive programs to prevent youth violence:Youth violence is often the result of other underlying risk behaviors. Adults interested in preventing youth violence should consider and address associated risk behaviors in youth that increase the likelihood that a person will commit violent acts or become a victim of violence.

      For example, the CDC reported that schools with sophisticated health education, mental health services, and high levels of parental and community involvement can directly influence youth risk behaviors and help prevent school violence. In addition, peer mediation and emotional intelligence programs during elementary school can develop conflict resolution and self-management skills that will be useful in high school and beyond.

      (Video) STOP School Violence Program Performance Measures Training 2023


      Teaching better problem-solving skills, helping those with emotional issues and lack of structure at home, and encouraging parental involvement at home and at school seems to be paying off.

    2. avoid absenteeism: One of the most important ways to prevent youth violence is to reduce truancy. Students who miss school are much more likely to commit violent acts or become victims of violence. It is important to note that students who skip school are also more likely to be victims of adult violence. Students who are absent without excuse are considered to be absent, but it is students who are habitually and chronically absent who are most likely to be involved in school violence.

      According to the National Center for Engagement, students who participate in care and behavior management programs are statistically less likely to engage in criminal behavior. In the study, students who participated in a two-year intervention program significantly improved their grades. Students were 66% less likely to have a juvenile detention order or be subject to additional school disciplinary proceedings. Keeping children in school makes them responsible and limits the types of violence they will experience and the types of crimes they will commit.

    1. Using technology to reduce school violence: Schools across the country are using advances in technology to keep students safe in school. Texas school districts have adopted electronic ID cards to monitor students on campus and minimize truancy, which creates opportunities for violence. Other schools used electronic notifications and text messages to keep parents and students informed about threats and disruptions to school hours caused by violence.

      Still other schools experimented with technology-assisted group solutions (TAGS). TAGS is a virtual mediation software that connects young people with online mediators to discuss school violence issues and propose solutions in a group setting. Technology can be used to monitor students to ensure they are in the appropriate places; Educating students and parents about violence at school; and provide a virtual troubleshooting portal accessible to all students via the Internet.

    1. Holding parents accountable for youth violence:The National Initiative to Prevent Youth Violence reports that supportive parents and other key caregivers can reduce the likelihood of violent behavior in youth. Holding parents accountable for youth violence can help re-engage parents and community members in efforts to reduce the incidence of youth violence.
      Holding parents accountable can mean solving problems at home through social services, parent training, and parent and school committees that go beyond bake sales and fundraising. Support groups for parents with troubled youth have been successful in many school districts, and initiatives that promote positive relationships and leadership among parents are central to parent and family supervision programs. Parental accountability at the school level is a two-pronged process that must include parental support along with increasing parental accountability for the behavior of school-aged children.
    1. Initiate intervention programs for at-risk youth:School educators and community members can work together to identify at-risk youth and intervene in their lives. Early intervention has been shown to significantly reduce the likelihood that students will become delinquent. At-risk youth include youth who have already been subject to disciplinary proceedings within the school or juvenile court proceedings through the court system.

      The CDC divides risk factors for young people into three categories. Risk factors can be individual, family related, peer group related, the community in which students live. Individual factors include a history of prior victimization, high emotional stress, or substance abuse. Familial factors, such as low parental education, lack of supervision, and parental substance abuse, also put students at risk for involvement in school violence.

      (Video) School Violence Training Video

      Students who are separated from their classmates, who are bullied, or who associate with youth who already have peer group problems are also at additional risk. Community risk factors can include high concentrations of poverty, poorly organized neighborhoods and low levels of community participation.

      Programs such as the Violence Free Zone initiative, which connects at-risk students with youth counselors, have been shown to be effective in reducing the incidence of school violence among students. The program helped schools create an environment where students are monitored individually and receive emotional support, tutoring services, attendance monitoring and regular drug testing. This combination of tactics has proven effective in reducing incidents of school violence among at-risk youth.

    1. Reduce school and youth bullying:Bullying activities inflict violence on victims and can lead victims to harm themselves. It is one of the most common forms of school violence. School violence in the form of bullying has increased significantly in school districts across the United States over the past 5 years. What was once a disturbing coming of age event has become a violent, stressful, and worrisome phenomenon that has caused severe mental, emotional, and physical distress for young people across the United States.

      Bullying is school violence. It is much more common in schools than guns or knives. 1 in 5 American children will be bullied in any given year. Bullying activities can range from name-calling, cyberbullying to physical attacks. High risk students are GLBT students.

      Overall, 20% of all high school students are bullied, and educators must respond vigorously to incidents of bullying. School policies such as peer mediation, student support groups, and strict policies can be effective in reducing bullying for all students. By intervening and reducing bullying activity that occurs at the verbal level, educators can prevent violence from escalating into more serious forms of school violence, such as physical assault.

  1. Create anonymous school hotlines:Many acts of violence would be prevented if students felt safe enough to anonymously report their fears, attacks or bullying. Teenagers are often afraid of building a reputation as a "whistleblower" or of retaliation for providing information about crime or violence. By ensuring student anonymity, school officials can create an environment that allows for the free flow of information from students to school administration. Access to information about who belongs to which gang, who has a gun on school property or who wants to fight who can be important information in the fight against youth violence.
    Make an impact in your school and community. Voice your concerns about safety at your school and community leadership. Start by discussing these 7 solutions with your school and community leaders. Cite these statistics from the CDC and how some programs have reduced youth and school violence in other parts of the United States.

Encourage your school and community to use at least one of these tactics to stop the rise of school and youth violence. If you see an improvement, consider trying another of the top 7 solutions to reduce school and youth violence.
You, as a single person, can make a big impact in your community and school. If you don't step up and try, who will?

(Video) STOP School Violence Program Training 2022

Questions and preparation materials.


  1. CDC, Statistics and School Violence
  2. Leslie Joan Harris, An Empirical Study of Parental Responsibility Laws: Sending Messages, But What Kinds and To Whom?, 2006 UTAH L. REV. 5-34.5 (2006)
  3. CDC, Fact Sheet on Understanding Violence in Schools, 2012
  4. Gary Sweeten, who's graduating? Interruption of Secondary Education due to Detention and Judicial Intervention, JUSTICE Q. 462 (2006).
  5. Models of violence prevention programs that reduce school absenteeism and/or improve school attendance. for ViolencePreventionProgramsThatReduceTruancyandorImproveSchoolAttendance.pdf
  6. Risk factors for youth violence protection
  7. National Youth Violence Prevention Initiative
(Video) Preventing School Violence


How can you prevent violence? ›

Promote respect and empathy with family, friends, and peers.
Parents and Families Can:
  1. Learn about links between teens' experiences with violence and their health.
  2. Talk with teens about violence and ask how you can support them.
  3. Reach out to local programs to learn effective parenting practices.

How can we keep schools safe? ›

10 Ways To Immediately Improve School Safety
  1. Practice your communication. ...
  2. Involve parents in schools operations. ...
  3. Make students part of the team. ...
  4. Vary your Fire Drills. ...
  5. Download Nixle. ...
  6. Know your campus. ...
  7. Have a plan for non-school day activities. ...
  8. Research.

How do we prevent violence against children? ›

The seven strategies are: Implementation and enforcement of laws; Norms and values; Safe environments; Parent and caregiver support; Income and economic strengthening; Response and support services; and Education and life skills.

What are 4 common acts of school violence? ›

School violence is a public health problem and may take the form of bullying, shooting, brawls and a host of other physical abuses. The consequences of school violence are grave, as extreme cases have led to the loss of human lives.

What causes violence in schools? ›

The Root of Violence in Schools

Individuals who have a history of being abused either by family members or other members of society are likely to become violent towards others, more especially if they are teenagers. Substance abuse also contributes to persons becoming violent towards others.

Why should you avoid or prevent violence? ›

Violence has lifelong consequences.

Toxic stress associated with repeated exposure to violence in early childhood can interfere with healthy brain development, and can lead to aggressive and anti-social behaviours, substance abuse, risky sexual behaviour and criminal activity.

What are 3 protective factors that prevent violence? ›

Peer and Social Protective Factors

Intensive supervision. Clear behavior rules. Firm disciplinary methods.

What are 10 safety rules in school? ›

10 Safety Rules For Kids
  • 1: Don't talk to Strangers. ...
  • 2: Cross the Street with Adult Supervision. ...
  • 3: Never Play with Fire. ...
  • 4: Be Safety Conscious While Going to School. ...
  • 5: Be Safety at Home. ...
  • 6: Be Safety Smart While Doing Chores. ...
  • 7: Play Safety. ...
  • 8: Safety on the Road.
Feb 15, 2022

What can make school better? ›

14 Tips To Improve Schools and Overall Student Performance
  • Technology Usage. ...
  • Teacher Training. ...
  • Cultural Activities. ...
  • Student Counseling. ...
  • School Maintenance. ...
  • Parent-teacher Communication. ...
  • Activities Outside Classrooms. ...
  • Sports Activities and Clubs.
Jul 27, 2022

Why is safety important in school? ›

School safety plays a crucial role in youth's development and academic success. Students who feel safe at school tend to have better emotional health and are less likely to engage in risky behaviors. That sense of safety contributes to an overall feeling of connection.

What are the 10 causes of violence? ›

10 Most Common Causes of Domestic Violence in Relationship
  • Mental problems.
  • Poverty and unemployment.
  • Education.
  • Young parents.
  • Relationship Retention Behavior.
  • Historical Factors.
  • Cultural Factors.
  • Self Defence.
Sep 13, 2022

What are the 4 main types of violence? ›

Forms of violence
  • Physical violence. Any act which causes physical harm as a result of unlawful physical force. ...
  • Sexual violence. Any sexual act perfomed on an individual without their consent. ...
  • Psychological violence. Any act which causes psychological harm to an individual. ...
  • Economic violence.

What are three common acts of violence at schools? ›

Bullying, initiation and gang violence are very prevalent in South African schools. The next section provides a brief discussion of bullying. Bullying is understood as negative or aggressive behaviour that creates a pattern of victimisation; it can be verbal, non-verbal, physical, sexual or social.

What are the 7 strategies for ending violence against children that have been proposed by the World Health Organization? ›

They are: implementation and enforcement of laws; norms and values; safe environments; parent and caregiver support; income and economic strengthening; response and support services; and education and life skills.

How can parents prevent school violence? ›

Monitor school parking lots and common areas, such as hallways, cafeterias, and playing fields. Include the presence of school resource officers, security guards, or local police partnerships. Use security systems. Develop crisis plans and provide preparedness training to all staff members.

What are the 7 areas of abuse? ›

What are the ten different types of abuse?
  • Physical abuse.
  • Domestic violence or abuse.
  • Sexual abuse.
  • Psychological or emotional abuse.
  • Financial or material abuse.
  • Modern slavery.
  • Discriminatory abuse.
  • Organisational or institutional abuse.

What are the 6 types of abuses? ›

6 Different Types of Abuse
  • Physical. This is the type of abuse that many people think of when they hear the word 'abuse. ...
  • Sexual. ...
  • Verbal/Emotional. ...
  • Mental/Psychological. ...
  • Financial/Economic. ...
  • Cultural/Identity.

What are the 9 different types of abuse? ›

  • Physical Violence. Physical violence occurs when someone uses a part of their body or an object to control a person's actions.
  • Sexual Violence. ...
  • Emotional Violence. ...
  • Psychological Violence. ...
  • Spiritual Violence. ...
  • Cultural Violence. ...
  • Verbal Abuse. ...
  • Financial Abuse.

Why is it important to avoid any school violence? ›

Violence in schools creates insecurity and fear which harm the general school climate and infringe pupils' right to learn in a safe, unthreatening environment. Schools cannot fulfil their role as places of learning and socialisation if children are not in an environment free of violence.

What is school abuse? ›

The willful harming or injuring of a child or endangering of the person or the health of a child where the person responsible for the child's welfare is a licensee, administrator, or employee of any facility licensed to care for children or an administrator or employee of a public or private school or other institution ...

Does education prevent violence? ›

School engagement, educational attainment, learning, employment, and earnings* Cognitive skills alone can reduce one's likelihood of engaging in violence and crime.

Why is it important to protect children from violence? ›

Child abuse and maltreatment has a profound effect on the child's mental and physical health, impacting all aspects of their life which can last a lifetime. We can all help to avoid a child being abused by intervening early on, by recognising the risks and acting when required.

Why should children be protected from violence? ›

Child protection is sacred work. The legacy of violence against a child can last a lifetime, and even extend to future generations. Violence against a child is violence against their identity, their sense of purpose in the world, their ability to trust, and their future.

What causes violence? ›

Conventionally, violence is understood to be often driven by negative emotions, such as anger or fear. For example, a person might become aggressive because they were enraged at another person, or they were afraid the other person might hurt them.

Why are the 5 protective factors important? ›

Protective factors help ensure that children and youth function well at home, in school, at work, and in the community. They also can serve as safeguards, helping parents who otherwise might be at risk find resources, support, or coping strategies that allow them to parent effectively—even under stress.

What are the five protective? ›

Five Protective Factors are the foundation of the Strengthening Families Approach: parental resilience, social connections, concrete support in times of need, knowledge of parenting and child development, and social and emotional competence of children.

What are the 4 types of risk factors? ›

In general, risk factors can be categorised into the following groups:
  • Behavioural.
  • Physiological.
  • Demographic.
  • Environmental.
  • Genetic.

What are the 7 safety rules all kids should know? ›

The 7 Safety Rules All Kids Should Know
  • Know home address and phone numbers. ...
  • Never go anywhere with a stranger. ...
  • No one is allowed to touch you. ...
  • Don't post or give out personal information or passwords online. ...
  • Know how and when to call 911. ...
  • No adult should ask them to keep secrets. ...
  • Trust their gut.
Oct 1, 2016

What are 4 school rules? ›

List of 30 Classroom Rules
  • Arrive on time for class.
  • Raise your hand to speak or volunteer.
  • Follow the dress code of the school.
  • Do not cheat or copy other people's work.
  • Complete all assignments.
  • Listen to the teacher when being spoken to and answer your question.
  • Respect everyone in the class.
Feb 7, 2023

What are the 5 needs of students? ›

Basic needs refer to the most essential resources required to thrive as a student including safety, food, housing, financial health and overall wellness (physical, psychological, and spiritual).

What makes a strong school? ›

Successful schools create a culture of collaboration and shared responsibility among staff and students and with families and communities. These schools are safe, welcoming, and respectful to all. They establish teaching and learning as core values.

How can I grow my school? ›

7 Actions To Take in the New Year to Grow Your Private School
  1. Reconsider Your Marketing Execution.
  2. Refine Your School Tour.
  3. Analyze Your Application Process.
  4. Evaluate Your Reenrollment Prospects.
  5. Zero in on Reporting.
  6. Mobilize Your Word of Mouth Team.
  7. Improve Parent Communication.
Jan 2, 2018

What is the most common form of violence in school? ›

This includes bullying and cyberbullying. Bullying is one of the most pervasive forms of school violence, affecting 1 in 3 young people.

What are examples of violence against children? ›

Examples include: abuse and neglect in the family, incest, sexual abuse, infanticide; bullying and other forms of violence in the school; corporal punishment; psychological aggression; child trafficking, sale of children, child sexual exploitation and other commercial sexual exploitation of children; child labour; ...

What forms of abuse are in schools? ›

Bullying, harassment, verbal abuse, sexual abuse and exploitation, corporal punishment and other forms of humiliation can come at the hands of a peer, a teacher or even a school authority. Many children also experience school violence associated with gang culture, weapons and fighting.

What are examples of act of violence? ›

Violent crimes include rape and sexual assault, robbery, assault and murder.


1. Preventing School Violence (Full Interview) | In Focus
(New Mexico In Focus, a Production of NMPBS)
2. 10 Ways to Prevent Violence
(Restorative Justice for All International Institute)
3. Violence Prevention on the School Bus
(Video Communications / Vidcom)
4. Violence Prevention Initiative: Chedaya's Story
(The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia)
5. School shootings can be prevented -- here's how | William Woodward | TEDxMileHigh
(TEDx Talks)
6. Preventing school violence by tackling LGBTQ stigma
(CBC News: The National)
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